exact match: enter the name exactly the way you want it found (e.g., Adam will find ONLY Adam).
match first: enter the first part of name to be matched (e.g., Adam will find Adam, Adamik, Adamowski).
wildcard search: enter any part of the name (e.g., Adam will find Adam, Adamik, Adamowski, and Hadam).
of the Army
by James J. Czuchra
An estimated 20,000 Polish persons answered the call
to fight for freedom and the opportunity to regain Poland's independence
during World War I in the Polish Army in France (in Polish, Armia
Polska we Francyi). They were recruited from among the
Polish immigrants who came to America to fight with France.
The Polish Army in France was also called "Haller's
Army," after the general who commanded it, or the "Blue
Army," for the blue uniforms the soldiers wore.
For more information, see:
Genealogical Society Newsletter,
Vol. X, #1, Spring 1987, pages 1, 3-4.
"World War I Polish American Military Records," by Joseph T. Hapak,
a brief history of the Polish Army in France
Searchers, the Newsletter of the PGS of Western
New York, #8, January 1993, pp. 17-20. "Buffalonians in Polish
Army," compiled by Ted Smardz, a listing of Buffalo recruits.
About the Records
The city and state give the place the person was from
when volunteering. This is helpful to narrow the choices if the person
of interest has a common name. The last column is labeled "Form" but
serves as a location code. It describes which record group the information
will be found in.
There are three groups:
- Group A is
a collection of form A papers (described below).
- Group C is
a collection of form C papers.
Both of these collections are bound into volumes.
To locate the record, the page number, volume, and record group must
- Group L is
a collection of loose papers. They are duplicates of those in Group
A and Group C. If you order Group L you do not have to order Group
A and C.
The page column of the index tells you which forms
you can expect to find among the loose papers. A single individual
might appear in the index three times-- having paperwork in each
- Form A is
an intention to volunteer and contains the name, address, age,
and marital status. See an English translation of a blank Form A.
- Form B is
a medical examination report for the volunteer.
- Form C is
the final commitment paper and the most genealogically significant
for researchers. Form C includes date and place of birth and usually
the name and address of a parent or other close relative. See an English translation of a blank Form C.
The forms are typically carbon paper copies of the
original and in some cases do not provide a quality photocopy.
The following ship manifests provide listings
of returning Haller's Army soldiers to the US in the 1920s.
- SS Antigone (from
Danzig - April 18, 1920)
- SS Latvia (August
- SS Pochontas (from
Danzig - June 16, 1920)
- SS Princess Matokia (from
Danzig - May 23, 1920)