Compiled by Thomas L. Hollowak
Originally published as a book, the following preface
is by William F. Hoffman:
One of the most important questions to arise during
the preparation of a book of this type is how faithful to be to the original
obituaries. Variant spellings, outright misspellings, and inconsistencies
of names and facts showed up in the original as is inevitable in obituaries
but should they be corrected? Some obvious errors cry out, begging to
be corrected: there is little doubt, for instance, that "KITOWSKA,
Apoolnja Anna" should read "KITOWSKA, Apolonja Anna," and
certainly no great harm would result from changing that entry. But what
about "ZAKES, Katarazyna"? Is "Katarazyna" (like "Barbara"
and "Barbra" in English)? And why is Marjanna Zablocka's granddaughter
named "Debska," but the name of Jakob Zablocki's granddaughter
is given as "Dembska"? Should a compiler choose one form as
correct and use it under both entries?
Any researcher would probably agree that the best policy
for the compiler of a book like this is to change the original data as
little as possible; a researcher can deal with errors taken intact from
the original far more easily than he can with errors introduced into the
data by a well-meaning compiler. For that matter, retaining variant spellings
and facts can sometimes give a researcher valuable clues. Since, in the
example given above, both "Debska" and "Dembska" occur,
and since both are actually pronounced about the same in Polish, it is
entirely possible that the woman in question spelled her name both ways;
so someone trying to find out about her and coming to a dead end looking
under "Debska" could conceivably find more under the name "Dembska"
somewhere else. That all may sound far-fetched, but I think any experienced
researcher would agree that it provides a good reason for altering the
original text as little as possible.
That is why the procedure throughout this book has been
to make only those changes necessary to list names alphabetically in what
would be their standard form in English. Thus various spellings like "Jozefy"
and "Jozefe" have been standardized as "Jozefa," because
those different endings are due to declensional change in Polish, which
is almost impossible to render intelligibly in English; but "ZAKES,
Katarazyna" has been allowed to retain her unusual first name because
that spelling just might be correct and in any event a researching relative
of Mrs. Zakes would be in a better position to ascertain the correct spelling.
The contents of the book were retyped for purposes
of the online database. In keeping with Mr. Hoffman's remarks, I tried
to be faithful to what was actually written in the book. While I hope
they are few, I apologize for any typographical errors I may have introduced.
--James J. Czuchra
The following introduction to the book is by Thomas L.
This work is designed principally as a finding-aid to
deaths that have appeared in Jednosc-Polonia between 1926 and
1946. The index is arranged alphabetically by surname of the subject.
However, other surnames mentioned incidentally in the obituaries have
been cross-referenced throughout.
The running column on the right-hand side of each page
gives the day, month, and year the notice appeared in the newspaper. If
the obituary was run in more than one issue the entry will be repeated
with the new issue date.
The information given in the main entry is an abstract
of the obituary. It is important, therefore, that the researcher go and
look at the original obituary. The actual obituary may contain innumerable
clues to further the genealogist in his research. Often information is
given in the obituary which is not found anywhere else, i. e., names of
clubs or organizations the deceased belonged to, place and /or date of
birth, as well as surviving family members.
Obituaries which were listed under the headings: Kronika
Zalobna (Chronicles of Obituareis) or Karty Zalobna (Obituary Cards),
are not the only type of death notice that have been included in this
index. Beginning with the July 31, 1942 issue and continuing to 1946 occasionally
there would appear running columns of deaths. They were often headed by
the following titles: Pogrzeby (Funerals) or Zmarli (Deaths). The information
contained in these notices were usually a less full obituary: name, age,
and date death. These notices have been included because they give the
researcher a date that can be used at the Vital Records Office in order
to obtain a Death Certificate which will include more detailed information.
Jednosc-Polonia, a weekly, was the successor of
Polonia (1891-1898) and Jednosc (1902-1915) both papers
were edited by Adam F. Bautro who is credited with merging the titles
in 1915. This index covers the period of the Enoch Pratt Free Library's
holdings: January 2, 1926 to January 25, 1946. The Library lacks the following
August 7, 1926
October 11, 1929
Entire year 1932
January-July 21, 1933
June 7, 14, 21, 1935
September 27, 1935
December 3, 1937
February 26, 1943
The Polish Museum of America Library (Chicago) is the
only other Library who have holdings of Jednosc-Polonia. Rev. Donald
Bilinski, O.F.M., the Curator in 1983, informed me that the Library
only had issues for the year 1937. (I looked at the December 3, 1937 issue
and found it did not contain any obituaries.)
There are many people that I must thank for making this
book possible: Edward A. Peckwas, President of the Polish Genealogical
Society, who suggested the book, John Burgan, Chief of Central, Enoch
Pratt Free Library; Eva Slezak and the entire staff of the Maryland Department
of the Enoch Pratt Free Library for the many kindnesses extended to me
during the compilation, (Mrs.) Josephine Piegzik, for translation of several
terms found in the Obituaries, (Mrs.) Patti S. Matulonis, who typed the
manuscript, (Mrs.) Lyn Hart, who provided editorial suggestions, William
F. Hoffman, who proofread and corrected the manuscript, and finally but
most importantly my family for their patience and perseverance during
the compilation and preparation of this book.
Return to the Jednosc-Polonia Death Notice Index
Additional Baltimore, MD resources
from the index book.